### Further analysis

The figures below supplement the paper 'Attainment trends in primary grammar, punctuation and spelling (GPS), reading and maths', published by RS Assessment from Hodder Education and available online at: https://risingstars-uk.com/whitepaper2019

#### Relative performance of girls by year group and topic

On average, girls outperform boys in GPS and reading but underperform in maths, at least during the later years of primary school. Use the menu below to switch between subjects; hover over the graph to see data values.

Subject:
Sample sizes: Each data point is represented by 27,000-272,000 tests.
Sources: RS Assessment from Hodder Education; SchoolDash analysis.

#### Relative performance of summer-born pupils by year group and topic

On average, summer-born pupils underperform relative to other pupils. Although they catch up during the course of primary school, differences persist in GPS, reading and maths. Use the menu below to switch between subjects; hover over the graph to see data values.

Subject:
Sample sizes: Each data point is represented by 27,000-272,000 tests.
Sources: RS Assessment from Hodder Education; SchoolDash analysis.

#### Relative performance by school deprivation level

In GPS, the relative performance of high-deprivation schools declines considerably between Year 1 and Year 6. The same is true for reading (compare Year 1 with Year 6) and maths (compare Year 1, Year 6). Use the menu below to switch between subjects; hover over the graph to see data values.

Show:
Sample sizes: Each data point is represented by 4,000-88,000 tests.
Sources: RS Assessment from Hodder Education; SchoolDash analysis.

#### Relative performance by school Ofsted rating

In GPS, there is some change in relative performance of schools by Ofsted rating between Year 1 and Year 6, though this is much smaller than the effects of deprivation seen above. The effects for reading are smaller still (compare Year 1 with Year 6), though for maths they are more pronounced (Year 1, Year 6). Use the menu below to switch between subjects; hover over the graph to see data values.

Show:
Sample sizes: Each data point is represented by 1,000-88,000 tests.
Sources: RS Assessment from Hodder Education; SchoolDash analysis.