Pupils should know and use the following by the end of year 4
KS2 GaPS Content Domain:
Both the KS1 and KS2 sample papers indicate that pupils need to understand the use of word classes and their function in a context. This enjoyable and fun book is the perfect vehicle for identifying word classes from. Teachers can select sentences from this book and present them on a flipchart or a screen. Pupils could be asked questions such as:
Underline 2 verbs in this sentence
Circle all of the nouns in this sentence
Label the noun (N), verb (V), adjective (A) and determiner (D)
Quote a sentence and underline a word. Which word class is underlined? Tick one box. Present 3 incorrect responses and 1 correct response for pupils to tick a box.
a) Underline 2 verbs in this sentence
The news spread quickly, the word went round.
b) Circle all of the nouns in this sentence
There were medals for tongues that could catch the most flies.
c) Label the underlined words noun (N), preposition (P), determiner (D) and verb (V).
There were medals for winning the three-legged frog, and for jumping in and out of a bog.
d) Which word class is underlined? Tick one.
Then to celebrate the end of the games, a torch was lit and they followed the flames.
Year 3 & 4 NC Composition:
Pupils should plan their writing by:
This creative and rhyming book describes ‘The Frog Olympics’. Teachers could use this as a stimulus to inspire pupils to choose an animal/bird of their own choice and create ‘The _______ Olympics.’
Teachers could use hoops to collect information from the book as they read it to pupils. If there were 4 hoops, each could be labelled: animal, setting, races, and prizes. The teacher could divide the class into 4 groups and give each group responsibility for a hoop. Pupils could have sentence strips or post its to write on. As the teacher reads the text, pupils can jot down words or groups of words that are relevant to their hoop.
Animal: frogs, every colour, every size, big bulgy eyes, tree frogs, legs of elastic,
Setting: lake, ditch, boggy ground, garden ponds, hill, sea,
Races: catch flies, uncurling tongue, three-legged races, jump in and out of a bog, leapfrogging streams, pole-vaulting over a plank, tadpole race, frog jumping over the Moon,
Prizes/Olympic ceremony: medals, torch lit, news spread quickly, audience gathered,
Teachers can explain to pupils that paragraphs can be built up from the information in the 4 hoops.
Pupils may need some time to research an animal/bird of their choice. Instead of hoops, pupils could have a piece of A3 paper with 4 circles drawn on. Pupils can use this as their planning sheet.
Groups of pupils who have chosen the same animal/bird could work together to plan and generate vocabulary.
Pupils could decide how they want to present their ‘Animal/bird Olympics’. Teachers could make some suggestions: poetry, narrative, commentary, newspaper report, email etc…